Allergists are medical specialists who diagnose, treat, and manage allergies, immune system disorders, and conditions related to allergic reactions. Search thousands of allergists including your local area that are highly reviewed and trusted by our members!



Allergists are medical specialists who diagnose, treat, and manage allergies, immune system disorders, and conditions related to allergic reactions. Search thousands of allergists including your local area that are highly reviewed and trusted by our members!




Allergists, also known as allergist-immunologists, are medical specialists who focus on diagnosing, treating, and managing various allergic and immunologic conditions. These highly trained physicians play a crucial role in helping individuals understand and cope with allergies, immune system disorders, and related health concerns. This article explores who allergists are, what they do, the services they provide, and the range of conditions they treat.

1.) Who Are Allergists?

Allergists are medical doctors who have completed specialized training in the field of allergy and immunology. After completing their medical degree, they undertake a residency in internal medicine or pediatrics, followed by additional fellowship training specifically in allergy and immunology. This comprehensive training equips them with the knowledge and expertise required to diagnose and manage a wide range of allergic and immunologic conditions.

2.) What Do Allergists Do?

Allergists specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of allergic reactions and immune system disorders. They work with patients of all ages to identify the underlying causes of their symptoms and develop personalized treatment plans. The role of an allergist involves:

a. Diagnosis 

Allergists use various techniques, including medical history assessment, physical examinations, skin tests, blood tests, and specialized diagnostic tools, to pinpoint the triggers of allergic reactions.

b. Treatment 

Once the allergens are identified, allergists devise treatment plans tailored to the individual’s needs. This may involve lifestyle modifications, medications, immunotherapy (allergy shots), or other targeted interventions.

c. Management 

Allergists assist patients in managing chronic allergic conditions to improve their quality of life. They educate patients about avoiding allergens, recognizing symptoms, and administering emergency treatments when necessary.

d. Education 

Allergists play a vital role in educating patients about their conditions, providing them with information about allergen avoidance, medication use, and potential risks.

3.) Services Provided by Allergists

Allergists offer a comprehensive range of services to address a variety of allergic and immunologic issues, including:

a. Allergy Testing 

Allergists use skin prick tests and blood tests to identify allergens causing allergic reactions, such as pollen, pet dander, food, insect venom, and medications.

b. Immunotherapy 

Allergists administer immunotherapy, commonly known as allergy shots, to gradually desensitize patients to specific allergens and reduce their sensitivity over time.

c. Medication Management 

Allergists prescribe and manage medications to control allergic symptoms, including antihistamines, decongestants, corticosteroids, and epinephrine for severe allergic reactions.

d. Asthma Management 

Many allergists specialize in managing asthma, a chronic respiratory condition often triggered or worsened by allergens.

e. Food Allergy Management 

Allergists assist patients with food allergies in understanding and managing their condition, including guidance on dietary restrictions and emergency response plans.

f. Eczema and Skin Allergies 

Allergists help patients with skin allergies like eczema, contact dermatitis, and hives by diagnosing the triggers and recommending appropriate treatments.

4.) Conditions Treated by Allergists

Allergists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions, including but not limited to:

Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)


Food Allergies

Insect Venom Allergies

Drug Allergies

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Contact Dermatitis

Urticaria (Hives)

Angioedema (Swelling)

Immunodeficiency Disorders


Allergists are dedicated medical professionals specializing in the complex field of allergy and immunology. Their expertise in diagnosing, treating, and managing various allergic and immunologic conditions makes them indispensable in improving the lives of individuals dealing with allergies and immune system disorders. By providing personalized care, education, and effective interventions, allergists empower patients to lead healthier, more comfortable lives despite their conditions.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

    What are allergies?

    Allergies are the body’s immune system overreacting to harmless substances, triggering symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and congestion.

    What are common allergens?

    Common allergens include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, mold spores, certain foods, and insect venom.

    Can allergies develop later in life?

    Yes, it’s possible to develop allergies at any age, even if you haven’t had them before.

    How are allergies diagnosed?

    Allergies can be diagnosed through skin tests, blood tests, and a thorough medical history evaluation.

    What's the difference between allergies and intolerances?

    Allergies involve the immune system, while intolerances don’t. Intolerances may cause discomfort but aren’t life-threatening like allergies can be.

    Are there any treatments for allergies?

    Yes, treatments include allergen avoidance, medications like antihistamines and corticosteroids, and allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots).

    Can allergies be inherited?

    Yes, allergies often run in families, although the specific allergens can vary.

    What's anaphylaxis?

    Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing, rapid drop in blood pressure, and swelling.

    Can allergies cause asthma?

    Yes, allergies can trigger asthma symptoms in some individuals, a condition known as allergic asthma.

    Is there a cure for allergies?

    There’s no definitive cure, but treatments can help manage symptoms effectively.

    Can pets cause allergies?

    Yes, pet dander, saliva, and urine can trigger allergies in susceptible individuals.

    Can you outgrow allergies?

    Some people do outgrow allergies, especially those to certain foods and substances. However, others may have allergies throughout their lives.

    What's the difference between seasonal and perennial allergies?

    Seasonal allergies occur at specific times of the year due to pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds. Perennial allergies persist year-round, often due to indoor allergens.

    Are there any natural remedies for allergies?

    Some natural remedies, like saline nasal rinses and local honey, might provide relief for mild allergy symptoms. However, consult your allergist before trying any new treatments.

    Can stress make allergies worse?

    Yes, stress can exacerbate allergy symptoms by impacting the immune system and making you more susceptible to triggers.

    Can I prevent my child from developing allergies?

    While you can’t prevent allergies entirely, breastfeeding, early allergen introduction, and reducing exposure to certain allergens in infancy might help lower the risk.

    Are there any new allergy treatments?

    Research is ongoing, and new treatments like biologics are being developed to target specific aspects of the immune response involved in allergies.

    Can allergies affect the skin?

    Yes, allergies can cause skin reactions like hives, eczema, and contact dermatitis.

    Can I travel if I have allergies?

    Yes, with proper planning and medication, you can travel even with allergies. Consult your allergist for advice before your trip.

    Can allergies impact my quality of life?

    Yes, severe allergies can significantly affect your quality of life, but proper management and treatment can help minimize their impact.


    Allergy Testing

    Environmental Allergy Management

    Food Allergy Diagnosis & Management

    Allergic Rhinitis Treatment

    Asthma Diagnosis & Treament

    Anaphylaxis Management

    Allergen Immunotherapy

    Eczema & Atopic Dermatitis Care

    Medication Allergy Management

    Contact Dermatitis Diagnosis

    Patch Testing

    Latex Allergy Assessment

    Insect Sting Allergy

    Allergy Education

    Immunodeficiency Evaluation

    Autoimmune Disorder Assessment

    Urticaria (Hives) Treatment

    Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy

    Occupational Allergy Evaluation

    Allergic Conjunctivitis Treatment